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IA2, a member of the protein tyrosine phosphatases family is localized in the dense granules of pancreatic beta cells and the second defined recombinant islet cell antigen. IA2 shares sequence identity with the islet cell antigen 512. The higher frequency of antibodies to IA2 is explained by the presence of autoantibodies directed to the COOH terminus of IA2 which is lacking in the ICA512 molecule. IA2 autoantibodies are present in the majority of individuals with new-onset type 1 diabetes and in individuals in the pre-diabetic phase of the disease. The appearance of autoantibodies to IA2 seems to be correlated with the rapid progression to overt type 1 diabetes. The combination of tests for GAD65 and IA2 autoantibodies is highly relevant for risk assessment of type 1 diabetes in children and adolescence. The screening for GAD65 and IA2 autoantibodies detect more than 90 % of subjects at risk for type 1 diabetes and may, therefore, possess the potential to replace ICA technique.

Catalog #: KIPM2050
Format: RIA
Label: I125
Size: 50 tests
Sample Type: Serum
Sample Volume: 20 µL
Controls: 2 levels
Range: 0 - 60 U/ml
Sensitivity: 0,8 U/ml
Incubation: overnight
Shelf Life (weeks): 5.5