Perforin - mouse 5B10BSB 2105-BSB 2111
Perforin is a cytolytic protein found in the granules of Cytotoxic T lymphocytes and NK cells. Upon degranulation, perforin inserts itself into the target cell’s plasma membrane, forming a pore. It enables granzymes to enter the target cells and activate apoptosis, the cell death program. Although some investigators report a cytolytic potential of CD4+ T cells, it appears more likely that CD8+ T cells are the major effector population in Th1- associated inflammatory skin diseases. The role of perforin-mediated cytotoxicity has been demonstrated in various autoimmune diseases. In vitro and in vivo studies suggest that the cytotoxicity of CTLs may be mediated by cytotoxic granules in certain inflammatory diseases in humans. In addition, it seems that T-cell cytotoxicity against keratinocytes is mediated by perforin in some inflammatory skin diseases. Other authors suggest that perforin may have a dual role in alloimmune response (organ transplant applications). In one regard, it has a cytolytic function in acute rejection, and, in contrast, it may be responsible for downregulating both CD4- and CD8-mediated alloimmune response.
Available options include prediluted (3ml, 7 ml, 15ml), concentrate (0.1 ml, 0.5ml, 1ml) and 5+ control slides.
For Research Use Only.